Ընդամենը մեկ գդալ և 9 կգ թույնը դուրս կգա ձեր օրգանիզմից

Շատերս ենք օրվա ընթացքում ուտում ինչ պատահի

Արագ սնունդը,յուղոտ, տապակած ուտեստները այդքան էլ լավ չեն անդրադառնում մեր օրգանիզմի առողջության վրա։Նման սնունդը դանդաղ սպանում է օրգանիզմը ներսից։ Նման դեպքերում առաջանում են առողջական խնդիրներ,գիրություն է նկատվում։Հենց այդ պատճառով էլ հարկավոր է ժամանակ առ ժամանակ մաքրել աղիքները։

Ի՞նչ է անհրաժեշտ

100գ. սալորաչիր
1լ. ջուր
Պատրաստման և օգտագործման եղանակ

Լվանալ սալորաչիրը,ավելացնել 1լ. ջուր և թողնել 1 շաբաթ։
Ընդունել ամեն առավոտ 1 բաժակ չափաբաժնով։Այս միջոցը կմաքրի աղիքները,կլավացնի նյութափոխանակությունը,կօգնի ազատվել ճարպային կուտակումներից։

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evidence exists of human habitation in the area now known as Venezuela from about 15,000 years ago. Leaf-shaped tools from this period, together with chopping and planoconvex scraping implements, have been found exposed on the high riverine terraces of the Rio Pedregal in western Venezuela.[33] Late Pleistocene hunting artifacts, including spear tips, have been found at a similar series of sites in northwestern Venezuela known as «El Jobo»; according to radiocarbon dating, these date from 13,000 to 7,000 BC.[34]

It is not known how many people lived in Venezuela before the Spanish conquest; it has been estimated at around one million.[35] In addition to indigenous peoples known today, the population included historical groups such as the Kalina (Caribs), Auaké, Caquetio, Mariche, and Timoto–Cuicas. The Timoto–Cuica culture was the most complex society in Pre-Columbian Venezuela, with pre-planned permanent villages, surrounded by irrigated, terraced fields. They also stored water in tanks.[36] Their houses were made primarily of stone and wood with thatched roofs. They were peaceful, for the most part, and depended on growing crops. Regional crops included potatoes and ullucos.[37] They left behind works of art, particularly anthropomorphic ceramics, but no major monuments. They spun vegetable fibers to weave into textiles and mats for housing. They are credited with having invented the arepa, a staple in Venezuelan cuisine.[38]

Timoto-Cuica territory in present-day Mérida state, Venezuela

Timoto and Cuica toponyms.
After the conquest, the population dropped markedly, mainly through the spread of new infectious diseases from Europe.[35] Two main north-south axes of pre-Columbian population were present, who cultivated maize in the west and manioc in the east.[35] Large parts of the llanos were cultivated through a combination of slash and burn and permanent settled agriculture.[35]

Colonization
Main articles: Spanish colonization of the Americas and Colonial Venezuela

The German Welser Armada exploring Venezuela.
In 1498, during his third voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus sailed near the Orinoco Delta and landed in the Gulf of Paria.[39] Amazed by the great offshore current of freshwater which deflected his course eastward, Columbus expressed in a letter to Isabella and Ferdinand that he must have reached Heaven on Earth (terrestrial paradise):

Great signs are these of the Terrestrial Paradise, for the site conforms to the opinion of the holy and wise theologians whom I have mentioned. And likewise, the [other] signs conform very well, for I have never read or heard of such a large quantity of fresh water being inside and in such close proximity to salt water; the very mild temperateness also corroborates this; and if the water of which I speak does not proceed from Paradise then it is an even greater marvel, because I do not believe such a large and deep river has ever been known to exist in this world.[40]

Nuestra Señora de Caracas, 1766.
Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1522, establishing its first permanent South American settlement in the present-day city of Cumaná. In the 16th century, Venezuela was contracted as a concession by the King of Spain to the German Welser banking family (Klein-Venedig, 1528–1546). Native caciques (leaders) such as Guaicaipuro (c. 1530–1568) and Tamanaco (died 1573) attempted to resist Spanish incursions, but the newcomers ultimately subdued them; Tamanaco was put to death by order of Caracas’ founder, Diego de Losada.[41]

In the 16th century, during the Spanish colonization, indigenous peoples such as many of the Mariches, themselves descendants of the Kalina, converted to Roman Catholicism. Some of the resisting tribes or leaders are commemorated in place names, including Caracas, Chacao and Los Teques. The early colonial settlements focused on the northern coast,[35] but in the mid-18th century, the Spanish pushed farther inland along the Orinoco River. Here, the Ye’kuana (then known as the Makiritare) organized serious resistance in 1775 and 1776

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